This is to show how healthcheck works in Docker Swarm.
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Docker Swarm health check example

This example shows how health check works in Docker Swarm.

What does this container do?

Container runs a nginx server and it also runs a script which writes a dead status to /usr/share/nginx/html/status file on every odd run which is then picked by the health check that expects alive status from the nginx running in the container.

So every odd run the container gets unhealthy status. Then you can observe that running this container in Docker Engine alone will not restart it. Hence we will run it as a service in the Docker Swarm which will ensure the container gets restarted until it gets healthy status.

Building image

docker build -t healthcheck-test .

Setting up env

Make sure you have recent Docker Engine installed.

docker swarm init

Running the service

docker service create \
  --name test1 \
  --mount type=bind,src=/tmp,dst=/usr/share/nginx/html \
  --detach healtcheck-test

Watching the healtcheck

docker ps |grep test1
docker service ls

Cleaning up

docker service rm test1
docker swarm leave --force
rm -rf -- /tmp/html

Extra

If you want to restart the container manually, you need to downscale it to 0 first and then upscale it back again.

docker service scale test1=0
docker service scale test1=1

References